Mahatma Gandhi Biography & Wiki, Weight, Height, Age, Birth date
Mahātmā Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Hindustani: 2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule. Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. The honorificnMahātmā (Sanskrit: “high-souled”, “venerable”)—applied to him first in 1914 in South Africa—is now used worldwide. In India, he is also called Bapu ji (Gujarati: endearment for father, papa) and Gandhi ji. He is unofficially called the Father of the Nation.
Born and raised in a Hindu merchant caste family in coastal Gujarat, western India, and trained in law at the Inner Temple, London, Gandhi first employed nonviolent civil disobedience as an expatriate lawyer in South Africa, in the resident Indian community’s struggle for civil rights. After his return to India in 1915, he set about organising peasants, farmers, and urban labourers to protest against excessive land-tax and discrimination. Assuming leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1921, Gandhi led nationwide campaigns for various social causes and for achieving Swaraj or self-rule.
Gandhi famously led Indians in challenging the British-imposed salt tax with the 400 km (250 mi) Dandi Salt March in 1930, and later in calling for the British to Quit India in 1942. He was imprisoned for many years, upon many occasions, in both South Africa and India. He lived modestly in a self-sufficient residential community and wore the traditional Indian dhoti and shawl, woven with yarn hand-spun on a charkha. He ate simple vegetarian food, and also undertook long fasts as a means of both self-purification and political protest.
Gandhi’s vision of an independent India based on religious pluralism, however, was challenged in the early 1940s by a new Muslim nationalism which was demanding a separate Muslim homeland carved out of India. Eventually, in August 1947, Britain granted independence, but the British Indian Empir was partitioned into two dominions, a Hindu-majority India and Muslim-majority Pakistan As many displaced Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs made their way to their new lands, religious violence broke out, especially in the Punjab and Bengal. Eschewing the official celebration of independence in Delhi, Gandhi visited the affected areas, attempting to provide solace. In the months following, he undertook several fasts unto death to stop religious violence. The last of these, undertaken on 12 January 1948 when he was 78, also had the indirect goal of pressuring India to pay out some cash assets owed to Pakistan. Some Indians thought Gandhi was too accommodating. Among them was Nathuram Godse, a Hindu nationalist, who assassinated Gandhi on 30 January 1948 by firing three bullets into his chest.
Gandhi’s birthday, 2 October, is commemorated in India as Gandhi Jayanti, a national holiday, and worldwide as the International Day of Nonviolence.
This Biography is about one of the best Politician of the world Mahatma Gandhi including his Height, weight, Age & Other Detail…
|Biography of Mahatma Gandhi|
|Real Name||Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi|
|Nickname||Mahatma, Father of the Nation and Bapu|
|Profession||Politician, Lawyer, Peace Activist, Philosopher|
|Major Work||Gandhi witnessed racism, prejudice, injustice against himself and Indians in South Africa, after witnessing all this, Gandhi extended his original period of stay in South Africa to help Indians in opposing a bill to deny them the right to vote. He asked Joseph Chamberlain, the British Colonial Secretary, to reconsider his position on this bill.
• He helped found the Natal Indian Congress in 1894, and through this organization, he moulded the Indian community of South Africa into a unified political force.
• A new act was promulgated by Transvaal govt in 1906; this act was compelling every male Asian had to register himself and produce on demand a thumb-printed certificate of identity. Unregistered persons and restricted immigrants could be deported without a right of appeal or fined on the spot if they fail to comply with Act. At the same time, Gandhi employed the Satyagraha, a non-violent protest in South Africa. He urged Indians to boycott the new law and to suffer the retribution for doing so. The community adopted this plan, and during the ensuing seven-year struggle, thousands of Indians were jailed, flogged, or shot for striking, refusing to register, for burning their registration cards or engaging in other forms of nonviolent resistance. Government quelled the protest easily, but the public outcry constrained South African leader Jan Christiaan Smuts to negotiate a compromise with Gandhi.
• Upon returning to India in 1915, Gandhi played a major role in Indian Independence, Gandhi took leadership of the Congress in 1920 and began escalating demands until on 26 January 1930, the day when Indian National Congress declared the independence of India. The British did not recognize the declaration, but negotiations ensued, with the Congress taking a role in provincial government in the late 1930s.
• In 1918, Gandhi initiated Champaran and Kheda agitations.
• In 1930, Salt March Movement was initiated by Mahatma Gandhi to oppose taxation on salt by British Government.
• On 8 August 1942, Mahatma Gandhi, initiated a movement named “Quit India Movement”. Gandhi made a call to Do or Die in his Quit India speech delivered in Bombay at the Gowalia Tank Maidan.
|Physical Status & More of Mahatma Gandhi|
|Height||in centimeters- 168 cm
in meters- 1.68 m
in Feet Inches- 5’ 6”
|Personal Life of Mahatma Gandhi|
|Date of Birth||2 October 1869|
|Age (as on 30 January 1948)||78 Years|
|Birth Place||Porbandar State, Kathiawar Agency, British Indian Empire
(now in Gujarat, India)
|Date of Death||30 January 1948|
|Place of Death||New Delhi, India|
|School||Alfred High School|
|College||Samaldas College in Bhavnagar State,
UCL Faculty of Laws,
University College London
|Family||Father- Karamchand Gandhi
Mother- Putlibai Gandhi
Brothers- Laxmidas Karamchand Gandhi,
Sisters- Raliatbehn Gandhi
|Hobbies||Roaming About, Reading books, Listening to Music|
|Favorite Things Of Mahatma Gandhi|
|Favourite Persons||Gautama Buddha, Harishchandra, and his mother Putlibai|
|Favourite Author||Leo Tolstoy|
|Girls , Affairs and More Of Mahatma Gandhi|